Schoolwide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a framework with the aim of improving student academic and social outcomes by implementing behavior systems with fidelity. The diagram below represents the essentials in the PBIS framework. In the framework, systems, data, and practices work together to create the desired outcomes in students. These desired outcomes are the skills and qualities they should possess when they move from grade to grade or graduate—social competence and academic achievement outcomes. The practices in PBIS are directly related to the outcomes desired and are selected and used at a high level of fidelity. These practices are designed to support student behavior. The systems in PBIS support staff behavior by enabling adults to use the practices with high levels of fluency through resources, professional development, planning time, PLCs, etc. Finally, the use of various sources of data helps schools understand how they are doing and if they are achieving their desired outcomes.
Multi-Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS)
PBIS addresses behavior from a Tiered perspective, also sometimes referred to as Multi-Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS).
- Tier 1—These are the interventions that all students in the building receive. These include the proactive classroom strategies of explicit instruction, praise, correction, and re-teaching. Eighty percent of the students in the building are usually able to meet the schoolwide expectations though Tier 1 interventions.
- Tier 2—Some students may need additional supports beyond Tier 1 to meet expectations. These students may need additional group interventions or specialized classroom strategies. Fifteen percent of the students in the building will likely need Tier 2 interventions.
- Tier 3—Students needing Tier 3 supports, generally only 5 percent, need even more support. This may come from a behavior plan, interventions, specific classroom supports, and wrap-around services.
The tiered approach is modeled in a pyramid, and schools often find it useful to actually identify their specific interventions for each of the tiers on the pyramid.
PBIS in JCPS
Schools implementing PBIS in the district have multiple supports available to them: